Energy-from-Waste Facilities vs Incinerators – Debunking the Myths
Decades ago, garbage incinerators were used to do one thing: reduce the volume of waste requiring disposal. Today’s modern Energy-from-Waste facilities are not your Grandfather's incinerator - they are designed to recover the value in the waste that remains after recycling by recovering energy and recyclables such as ferrous metals (i.e. steel) and non-ferrous metals (i.e. aluminum). Another important distinction between EfW and incinerators is that EfW does this with some of most sophisticated air pollution control equipment available today.
Incineration is an uncontrolled combustion process without energy recovery. Energy-from-Waste (EfW) facilities that recover energy from municipal solid waste (MSW) in specially designed boilers to ensure complete combustion and the recovery of energy. The energy recovery – in the form of steam and electricity – is then used for the communities in which the facilities operate. EfW facilities also employ state-of-the-art pollution control equipment to scrub and filter emissions, preventing their release into our environment. The result is clean, renewable energy.
Around the world, hundreds of EfW plants supply reliable, base load renewable energy to power communities and divert waste from landfills, preventing methane emissions (a greenhouse gas over 30 times more potent than carbon dioxide) from decomposing garbage.