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Covanta Fairfax

Fairfax Facility Photo

Covanta Fairfax

The I-95 Energy/Resource Recovery Facility, operating as Covanta Fairfax, Inc., began commercial operation in June 1990. The facility processes more than 3,000 tons per day of municipal solid waste for a population of more than 900,000 in the Washington, D.C. suburbs of Fairfax County, Virginia. The 22.9-acre facility in Lorton, VA, sells more than 80 megawatts of renewable energy – enough energy to meet the needs of over 80,000 homes. It is the first Covanta facility to have a system to recover very small particles of non-ferrous metal for recycling. 

Commercial Operation:

June 1990

Waste Processing Capacity:

3,000 tons per day

Air Pollution Control Equipment:

Semi-dry flue gas scrubbers injecting lime, fabric filter baghouses, nitrogen oxide control system, mercury control system, and continuous emissions monitoring system

Energy-from-Waste System:

Four 750+ ton-per-day waterwall furnaces with Martin® reverse-reciprocating grates and ash handling system

Energy Generation:

Up to 80 megawatts for sale from two condensing steam turbine generators

Awards and Recognition:

  • Designated a Voluntary Protection Program Star facility by the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) for workplace safety
  • 2012 SWANA Silver Excellence Award
  • Virginia Environmental Excellence Program - 2011 Extraordinary Environmental Enterprise Facility E4
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Covanta Fairfax

9898 Furnace Road

Lorton, VA  22079



Frank Capobianco


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Visit Our Facility!

If you would like an escorted tour of our facility, please reach out. We welcome the opportunity to show you how our resource recovery process works.

Click here for tour checklist (PDF)

All tours must be scheduled in advance. Please call 703-690-6860.

Covanta Fairfax Emissions Data

Data Presented in Permit Required Units as Averaged Emissions
(parts per million [PPM] dry basis corrected to 7% oxygen; Opacity – actual stack as %)

(a) CO values are the maximum 4-hr block average for the day.
(b) SO2 and NOx values are the daily (24-hr) block averages for that day.
(c) Opacity values are the maximum 6-minute average for that day.
(d) All emission values reported in units consistent with the permit.
     CO, SO2 and NOx reported as parts per million, dry gas basis at 7% O2 (ppmdv7),Opacity as %

* Results are provided for informational purposes only and are subject to adjustment based on allowable quality assurance/quality control (QA/QC) review.

 For updated information regarding Covanta’s compliance with its permits issued by the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (VADEQ), final administrative (non-compliance) orders can be found on the VADEQ website. (Please note – if Covanta Fairfax is not listed, there are no VADEQ compliance orders to report).