Material Packaging

All materials must be packaged to meet our criteria based on anticipated handling requirements specific to each waste material. Since each facility has different capabilities, handling requirements also vary. The following general guidelines will apply in all but the most unique situations.

Pit Feed

Materials that are approved for Pit Feed Disposal will be unloaded and placed directly into the waste storage pit at our Energy-from-Waste facility with other non-hazardous waste prior to combustion.

Materials for pit feed can be packaged as follows:

  • Boxes, drums, and cubic yard boxes should be made of cardboard, fiber or poly (wooden crates and aluminum/steel totes can be reviewed on a case-by-case basis)
  • Steel drums/containers
  • Containers should be palletized and shrink-wrapped or banded
  • Each movable unit should be limited to a size maneuverable by a standard fork-lift

Direct Feed

Materials that are approved for direct feed are fed directly into the feed chute of the combustion unit either using a mechanical tipping device, a conveyor or manually. Materials are direct fed for three reasons:

  • To ensure our Environmental/Health & Safety requirements are met
  • For secure disposal or witness burns
  • Operational concerns

Packaging guidelines for direct feed include: 

  • Boxes and drums should be made from cardboard, fiber or poly (no steel drums, wooden crates or aluminum/steel totes).
  • Each container should weigh 50 pounds or less, with maximum dimension of 2ft. x 2ft. x 3ft. (Some facilities may require smaller packaging.) 
  • The containers should be palletized and shrink-wrapped.
  • Each movable unit should be limited to a size maneuverable by a standard fork-lift. 

Material Labeling

Accurate labeling of your waste material is key to our ongoing quality assurance program. Correct labeling ensures safe handling and processing of materials. We can provide labels to each of your locations. If you are interested in this service, please contact your Account Executive.

In general, each movable unit must be labeled.  A movable unit may be defined as a:

  • box
  • drum
  • cubic yard box (Gaylord) or bag (super-sack)
  • palletized and shrink-wrapped set of boxes or drums
  • dumpster
  • roll-off
  • dump trailer

Labeling must include the following on each movable unit:

  • The words "nonhazardous" or "non-RCRA regulated"
  • The name of the waste(s) contained within the individual unit, as it appears on the approval package
  • The corresponding Covanta approval number(s) as well as the applicable State approval number(s)

If the packaging container has any additional markings or labeling from previous use which are not applicable to the waste, you may either:

  • Completely cover or remove the markings/labels, or
  • Place a label on the containers to be reused which states: "This container is being reused for packaging purposes only. The original label is not representative of the contents of the container."

If you have questions regarding packaging of unique waste streams, please contact your Account Executive for assistance at 800.950.8749.

Pre-Printed Manifests

We can provide you with a Nonhazardous Waste Manifest completed with the following information:

  • General information (Client location, address, etc.)
  • Transporter information
  • Destination facility
  • Covanta Approval Number 

You are responsible for verifying that the following information is complete and accurate:

  • Description of the waste
  • Total weight of the shipment
  • Number of pallets (if applicable)
  • Notation of any special handling requirements
  • Signature as the waste generator

Shipments must conform to all applicable federal and state regulations as well as the conditions specified in the Covanta Waste Disposal Agreement and the Approval Letter.

A section is reserved on Certificate of Disposal and the Covanta Manifest that serves as a Certificate of Disposal. This section is signed by the destination facility and the completed document returned to your shipping location or other location indicated by you on the manifest.

Bill of Lading

A transporter typically requires their own Bill of Lading. In this case, the transporter completes their form using the information on the Covanta manifest. This is a separate procedure for the benefit of the transporter.

If you have any questions regarding manifesting please contact your Account Executive for assistance at 800.950.8749.

Security Procedures

The following is an example of our current security procedures. Additional procedures may be implemented at your request to further ensure secure disposal.

Commencing with the acceptance of waste at one of our Energy-from-Waste facilities, we guarantee secure disposal. To ensure security during transit, it is recommended that all deliveries have a coded seal placed on the door of the delivery trailer. Upon request, we will write the seal number on the manifest and/or the 48-Hour Preshipment Notification: "The delivery arrived with seal number # intact."

The manifest and/or the 48-Hour Preshipment Notification will then be signed, dated and returned to Client.

Both the Covanta Secure Services Preshipment Notification and the Covanta Manifest may serve as a Certificate of Disposal and will be returned to the Client shipping location.

Security Breach Action Plan

If a security seal is missing, the numbers do not match those on the manifest or it is determined that the seal has been tampered with in any way, we will proceed according to the following protocol:

  • The truck will be placed in a secure location and the facility will contact the Morristown Account Executive who will contact the generator for directions on how to proceed. If the generator cannot be reached, the truck will be sent back.
  • We will not unload any materials from the delivery vehicle until clearance has been given directly from your representative.

Note: If a witness is scheduled, we will not break the seal until the witness is present.

Security Protocol for Customer Less-Than-Load (LTL) Deliveries

In the event that two or more customer locations have less than a truck load of material destined for delivery to our facility, the customer may request an LTL pick-up. An LTL pick-up must meet the following criteria:

  • Only materials from customer, its subsidiaries and subcontractors are eligible for LTL pick-ups.
  • Representatives from each location must concur with the LTL delivery arrangements.
  • Customer facilities involved in an LTL delivery must discuss and coordinate the security needs and requirements applicable to the secondary loading process.

Security Audits

We encourage our customers to conduct scheduled Security Audits. All personnel conducting such surveillance will display proper identification, declare their purpose upon arrival at the facility and adhere to all Covanta procedures and policies for site visits.

If you have questions regarding security procedures, please contact your Covanta Account Executive for assistance at 800.950.8749.

Vehicle Loading and Special Instructions

All delivery vehicles must be loaded to meet Department of Transportation standards. In addition, the load must be positioned to minimize shifting and damage during transit. Loose materials in a delivery truck or any type of spill in the truck could present a health and/or safety concern which may result in the delivery being rejected once it arrives at our Energy-from-Waste (EfW) facility.

All Deliveries

The following guidelines apply to all deliveries to our EfW:

  • Materials should be loaded onto the delivery truck at your site in a manner that will facilitate unloading by pallet jack or forklift.
  • All pallets and containers should be secured in the delivery truck in a manner that protects their integrity during transit.
  • Improperly loaded, shifted or spilled deliveries may require additional handling and associated costs, or they may be rejected.
  • Appropriate shrink-wrapping, banding and dunnage should be used to avoid over-the-road problems.

Segregated and Special Handling Deliveries

Certain types of materials may require special handling to ensure safe management and disposal. Special handling requirements are outlined in the Terms and Conditions letter within the individual approval package. It is important to make sure all loads are secure before they are released from your site.

For deliveries that contain materials requiring segregation and/or special handling please use the following loading procedures:

  • Place special handling materials on segregated pallets.
  • Properly label special handling materials.
  • Verify that all special handling materials are clearly indicated on the delivery manifest (a portion of the QA/QC review will verify that all paper work for special handling materials matches).
  • Load special handling materials last so they may be unloaded first.

Please contact your Covanta Account Executive for assistance at 800.950.8749.